Regína sacratíssimi Rosárii, ora pro nobis!

Palm Sunday
The Blessing of Palms

Following the Asperges, if it takes place, the priest, vested in amice, alb, cincture, and red stole, (and cope, if available) proceeds to bless the palms placed in front of the altar, or at the Epistle corner. The following antiphon is sung or recited:

Antiphon: Matthew xxi: 9

Hosanna Filio David! benedíctus qui venit in nómine Dómini.  O Rex Israël:  Hosanna in excélsis. Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord. O King of Israel; Hosanna in the highest!


O God, whom to love above all is righteousness, multiply in us the gifts of Thine ineffable grace; and since in the death of Thy Son Thou hast given us the hope for those things in which we believe, grant us through His resurrection to attain the end for which we long. Who with Thee and the Holy Ghost livest and reignest, one God, world without end.
[All] Amen.

The Subdeacon sings the Epistle in the usual manner and place, and at its close kisses the hand of the priest:

Epistle: Exodus xv: 27; xvi: 1-7

    A reading from the Book of Exodus.
In those days the children of Israel came into Elim, where there were twelve fountains of water, and seventy palm trees, and they encamped by the waters. And they set forward from Elim, and all the multitude of the children of Israel came into the desert of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai: The fifteenth day of the second month after they came out of the land of Egypt. And all the congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness. And the children of Israel l said to them, "Would to God we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat over the flesh pots and ate bread to the full. Why have you brought us into this desert, that you might destroy all the multitude with famine?" And the Lord said to Moses, "Behold I will rain bread from heaven for you. Let the people go forth, and gather what is sufficient every day, that I may prove them; whether they will walk in my law or not. But the sixth day, let them provide for the next; let it be double what they are wont to gather every day." And Moses and Aaron said to the children of Israel, "In the evening you shall know that the Lord hath brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, and in the morning you shall see the glory of the Lord."

The chants below are arranged for antiphonal recitation. Those on the Gospel side recite those passages numbered "1" and those on the Epistle side recite those numbered "2."

Gradual: John xi: 47-49, 50, 53

    1. The chief priests and the pharisees gathered a council and said, * "What are we to do, for this Man does many miracles?
    2. If we let Him alone so, all will believe in Him; * and the Romans will come, and take away our place and nation."
    1. But one of them, called Caiphas, being the high priest that year, prophesied, saying, * It is expedient for you that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not.
    2. From that day, therefore, they devised to put Him to death, saying, * "and the Romans will come, and take away our place and nation."

Matthew xxvi: 39, 41

    1. On mount Olivet He prayed to His Father, * "Father, if it may be, let this chalice pass from Me.
    2. The Spirit, indeed is willing, but the flesh weak: * Thy will be done.
    1. Watch and pray, * that ye enter not into temptation.
    2. The Spirit, indeed is willing, but the flesh weak: * Thy will be done.


The Munda Cor Meum and the request for the blessing are said as usual.

Gospel: Matthew xxi: 1-9

+ The continuation of the Holy Gospel according to Matthew.
At that time, when Jesus drew near to Jerusalem, and came to Bethpage, on the Mount of Olives, He sent two disciples, saying to them, "Go into the village opposite you, and immediately you will find an ass tied, and a colt with her; loose them and bring them to Me. And if anyone say anything to you, you shall say that the Lord has need of them." Now all this was done that what was spoken through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, "Tell the daughter of Sion: Behold thy king comes to thee, meek and seated upon an ass, and upon a colt, the foal of a beast of burden." So the disciples went and did as Jesus had directed them. And they brought the ass and the colt, laid their cloaks on them, and made Him sit thereon. And most of the crowd spread their cloaks upon the road, while others were cutting branches from the trees, and strewing them on the road. And the crowds that went before Him, and those that followed, kept crying out, saying, "Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!"

Then follows the blessing proper:

    [Priest:] The Lord be with you.
    [All:] And with thy spirit.
    [Priest:] Let us pray. Increase, O God, the faith of them that hope in Thee, and mercifully hear the prayers of Thy suppliants. Let Thy manifold mercy descend upon us, and let these branches of palm or olive trees ; be blessed. And as in a figure of the Church, Thou didst multiply Noah going forth out of the ark, and Moses going out of Egypt with the children of Israel, so may we go forth with good works to meet Christ, carrying palms and branches of olive trees, and enter through Him into eternal joy. Who with Thee and the Holy Ghost liveth and reigneth for ever and ever.
    [All:] Amen.
    [Priest:] The Lord be with you.
    [All:] And with thy spirit.
    [Priest:] Lift up your hearts.
    [All:] We have lifted them up to the Lord.
    [Priest:] Let us give thanks to the Lord, our God.
    [All:] It is meet and just.
    [Priest:] It is truly meet and just, right and availing unto salvation, that we should, at all times and in all places, give thanks unto Thee, O Holy Lord, Father almighty, and everlasting God. Who dost glory in the assembly of Thy saints. For Thy creatures serve Thee, because they acknowledge Thee as their only creator and God; and Thy whole creation praises Thee, and Thy saints bless Thee. For, with fearless voice, they confess that great name of Thine only-begotten Son before the kings and powers of this world. Around whom the angels and archangels, the thrones and dominions stand; and with all the army of heaven, sing a hymn to Thy glory, saying without ceasing:
    [All:] Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God of Hosts. Heaven and earth are filled with Thy glory. Hosanna in the highest. Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord. Hosanna in the highest.

    [Priest:] The Lord be with you.
    [All:] And with thy spirit.
    [Priest:] Let us pray. We beseech Thee, O Holy Lord, Father almighty, and everlasting God, that Thou wouldst vouchsafe to bless ; and sanctify ; this creature, the Olive tree, which Thou hast caused to shoot forth from the substance of wood, and which the dove, returning to the ark, brought in its mouth. May all who receive it receive protection of soul and body, and may it become, O Lord, a saving remedy and a sacred sign of peace. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, who with Thee ... world without end.
    [All:] Amen.
    [Priest:] Let us pray. O God, who dost gather what is dispersed, and dost preserve what is gathered together; who didst bless the people who went forth to meet Jesus, bearing branches of palm; bless ; likewise these branches of palm and olive, which Thy servants receive faithfully in honor of Thy name. May those who dwell in whatever place they are brought obtain Thy blessing, find all adversity removed, and be protected by Thy right hand; those who have been redeemed by our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son . . . world without end.
    [All:] Amen.

    [Priest:] Let us pray. O God, who, by a wonderful order and disposition, hast been pleased to manifest the dispensation of our salvation even by means of things insensible; grant, we beseech Thee, that the devout hearts of Thy faithful may profitably understand what is mystically signified, when on this day the multitude, taught by a heavenly illumination, went forth to meet their Redeemer, and strewed branches of palm and olive at His feet. The branches of palms, therefore, signify His triumphs over the prince of death; and the branches of olive proclaim the coming of a spiritual unction. For that blessed company of men understood that these things were then prefigured; that our Redeemer, compassionating human miseries, was about to fight with the prince of death for the life of the whole world, and, by dying, to triumph. For which cause, they dutifully ministered such things as signified in Him the triumphs of victory and the riches of mercy. And we also, with full faith, retaining this as done and signified, humbly beseech Thee, O holy Lord, Father almighty, eternal God, through the same Jesus Christ our Lord, that in Him and through Him, whose members Thou hast pleased to make us, we may become victorious over the empire of death, and may deserve to be partakers of His glorious resurrection. Who liveth . . . world without end.
    [All:] Amen.

    [Priest:] Let us pray. O God, who, by an olive branch didst command the dove to proclaim peace to the world: sanctify, we beseech Thee, by a heavenly ; benediction these branches of olive and other trees; that they may be serviceable to all Thy people unto their salvation. Through Christ our Lord.
    [All:] Amen.

    [Priest:] Let us pray. Bless, ; we beseech Thee, O Lord, these branches of palm or olive; and grant that what Thy people this day bodily perform for Thine honor, they may perfect spiritually with greatest devotion by gaining a victory over the enemy and ardently loving every work of mercy. Through our Lord . . . world without end.
    [All:] Amen.

The celebrant sprinkles the palms three times, while reciting the antiphon Asperges me. He then incenses them three times, and proceeds:

    [Priest:] The Lord be with you.
    [All:] And with thy spirit.
    [Priest:] Let us pray. O God, who for our salvation, didst send into this world Thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord, that He might humble Himself for us and call us back to Thee; for whom also, as He came to Jerusalem to fulfill the Scriptures, a multitude of faithful people with a zealous devotion spread their garments together with palm branches in the way. Grant, we beseech Thee, that for Him we may prepare the way of faith, from which the stone of offense and rock of scandal being removed, our works may flourish before Thee with branches of justice, that we may deserve to follow in His footsteps. Who with Thee liveth and reigneth in the unity of the Holy Ghost, God, world without end.
    [All:] Amen.

The celebrant distributes the palms to the clergy and people. All kneel to receive and kiss the branch of blessed palm. Meanwhile, the following antiphons are sung or recited for as long as the distribution continues.

    1. The Hebrew Children bearing branches of olive, went forth to meet the Lord, crying out, and saying: Hosanna in the highest
    2. The Hebrew children spread their garments in the way, and cried out, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David; blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord.

The antiphons may be repeated if the distribution is not finished. The priest then concludes:

    [Priest:] The Lord be with you.
    [All:] And with thy spirit.
    [Priest:] Let us pray. O almighty and everlasting God, who didst ordain that our Lord Jesus Christ should sit upon the colt of an ass, and didst teach the multitude to spread their garments or branches of trees in the way, and sing Hosanna to His praise; grant, we beseech Thee, that we too may imitate their innocence, and deserve to obtain their merit. Through the same Christ our Lord.
    [All:] Amen.

If practical, a procession around the outside (or inside) of the church takes place. Incense is carried by the thurifer.

    [Deacon or Priest:] Let us go forth in peace.
    [All:] In the name of Christ.

Some, or all, of the following antiphons are sung or recited:

Antiphon: Matthew xxi: 1-3, 7, 8, 9 

    1. When our Lord drew nigh to Jerusalem, He sent two of His disciples, saying: Go ye into the village that is over against you; 
    2. And you shall find an ass's colt tied, on which no man has ever sat: * loose it and bring it to Me. 
    1. If any man shall question you, say: * The Lord wanteth it. 
    2. They untied and brought it to Jesus, * and laid their garments upon it, and He seated Himself on it. 
    1. Others spread their garments in the way; others cut branches from trees; * and those who followed cried out: 
    2. Hosanna! Blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord: * Blessed be the reign of our father David! 1. Hosanna in the highest! * O Son of David, have mercy on us!

Another Antiphon: John xii: 12, 13

    2. When the people heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, they took palm branches, * and went out to meet Him:
    1. And the children cried out, saying: * This is He who is come for the salvation of the people.
    2. He is our salvation, * and the redemption of Israel.
    1. How great is He * whom the thrones and the dominations go out to meet!
    2. Fear not, O daughter of Sion: behold thy king cometh to thee * sitting on an ass's colt, as it is written.
    1. Hail, O King, creator of the world, * who art come to redeem us!

Another Antiphon:

    2. Six days before the solemnity of the Passover, * when our Lord was coming into the city of Jerusalem,
    1. The children met Him, * and carried palm branches in their hands;
    2. And they cried out with a loud voice saying: * Hosanna in the highest!
    1. Blessed art Thou who art come in the multitude of Thy mercy. * Hosanna in the highest!
Another Antiphon:
    2. The multitude goeth out to meet the Redeemer with flowers and palms, * and payeth the homage due to a triumphant conqueror.
    1. Nations proclaim the Son of God; and their voices rend the skies in the praise of Christ: * Hosanna in the highest!
Another Antiphon:
    2. Let us join in faith with the angels and children, singing to the conqueror of death: * Hosanna in the highest!
    1. A great multitude that was met together at the festival cried out to the Lord: : Blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord: * Hosanna in the highest!

The procession (if there is one) closes with the following hymn, which is continued as the priest and ministers return to the sacristy to exchange red for purple vestments:

Glória, laus, et honor tibi sit Rex Christe Redémptor:
cui pueríle decus prompsit Hosánna pium.
All glory, laud and honor, to Thee, Redeemer, King.
To whom the lips of children, made sweet hosannas ring.
Israël es tu rex,
Dávidis et ínclyta proles:
Thou art the King of Israël,
Thou art David's royal Son,
Nómine qui in Dómini,
Rex benedícte, venis.
Who in the Lord's name comest,
the King and blessed One.
Gloria, laus, et honor.... All glory, laud and honor....
Coetus in excélsis te laudat cælicus omnis. The company of angels
Are praising Thee on high,
Et mortális homo,
et cuncta creáta simul.
And mortal men and all things,
Created make reply.
Gloria, laus, et honor.... All glory, laud and honor....
Plebs Hebraéa tibi cum palmis óbvia venit: The people of the Hebrews,
With palms before Thee went.
Cum prece, voto, hymnis,
ádsumus ecce tibi.
Our praise, and prayer, and anthems -- Before Thee we present.
Gloria, laus, et honor.... All glory, laud and honor....
Hi tibi passúro solvébant múnia laudis. To Thee before Thy Passion,
They sang their hymns of praise;
Nos tibi regnánti pángimus ecce melos. To Thee, now high exalted
Our melody we raise.
Gloria, laus, et honor.... All glory, laud and honor....
Hi placuére tibi,
pláceat devótio nostra:
Thou didst accept their praises,
Accept the prayers we bring,
Rex bone, Rex clemens,
cui bona cuncta placent.
Who in all good delightest,
Thou good and gracious King.
Gloria, laus, et honor.... All glory, laud and honor....

Palm Sunday: Holy Mass

First Class
Station at St. John Lateran

Introit: Psalm xxi: 20, 22

Dómine, ne longe fácias auxílium tuum a me, ad defensiónem meam áspice: líbera me de ore leónis, et a córnibus unicórnium humilitátem mean. [Ps.] Deus, Deus meus, réspice in me: quare me dereliquísti? longe a salúte mea verba delictórum meórum. Dómine, ne longe. O Lord, keep not Thy help far from me. Look to my defense. Deliver me from the lion's mouth, and my lowness from the horns of the unicorns. [Ps.] O God, my God, look upon me; why hast Thou forsaken me? Far from my salvation are the words of my sins. O Lord, keep not....


Omnípotens sempitérne Deus, qui humáno géneri ad imitándum humilitátis exémplum, Salvatórem nostrum carnem súmere, et crucem subíre fecísti: concéde propítius; ut ex patiéntiæ ipsíus habére documénta, et resurrectiónis consórtia mereámur. Per eúmdem Dóminum. Almighty and everlasting God, who didst will that out Savior should take upon Him our flesh and suffer death upon the cross, that all mankind should follow the example of His great humility; mercifully grant that we may both follow the example of His patience, and also be made partakers of His resurrection. Through the same our Lord....
No other collect is said.

Epistle: Philippians: ii: 5-11

A reading from the epistle to the Philippians.
Brethren: Have this in mind in you which was also in Christ Jesus, who though He was by nature God, did not consider being equal to God a thing to be clung to, but emptied Himself, taking the nature of a slave and being made like unto men. And appearing in the form of man, he humbled himself, becoming obedient to death, even to death on a cross. Therefore God also has exalted Him and has bestowed upon Him the name that is above every name, [Genuflect] so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bend of those in heaven, on earth and under the earth, and every tongue should confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father.

Gradual: Psalm lxxii: 24, 1-3

Thou hast held me by my right hand; and by Thy will Thou hast conducted me, and with Thy Glory Thou hast received me. How good is God to Israel, to those of an upright heart! but my feet were almost moved, my steps had well-nigh slipped: because I was jealous of sinners, seeing the prosperity of sinners.

Tract: Psalm xxi: 2-9, 18, 19, 22, 24, 32

O God, my God, look upon me; why hast Thou forsaken me? Far from my salvation are the words of my sins. O my God, I shall cry by day, and Thou wilt not hear; and by night and it shall not be reputed as folly in me.  v.  But Thou dwellest in the holy place, the praise of Israel. v. In Thee our Fathers have hoped. They have hoped and Thou hast delivered them. v. They cried to Thee and they were saved. They trusted in Thee, and were not confounded. v. But I am a worm, and not a man; the reproach of men and the outcast of the people. v. All they that saw me have laughed me to scorn; they have spoken with their lips and wagged their heads. v.  He hoped in the Lord. Let Him deliver Him. v. But they have looked and stared upon me. They divided my garments amongst them, and upon my vesture they cast lots. v. Deliver me from the lion's mouth, and my lowness from the horns of the unicorns. v. Ye that fear the Lord, praise Him; all ye, the seed of Jacob, glorify Him. v. There shall be declared to the Lord a generation to come; and the heavens shall show forth His justice. v. To a people that shall be born, which the Lord has made.

The Passion: Matthew xxvi: 1-75; xxvii: 1-66

The Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ according to Matthew.
At that time Jesus said to His disciples, "You know that after two days the Passover will be here; and the Son of Man will be delivered up to be crucified." Then the chief priests and the elders of the people gathered together in the court of the high priest, who was called Caiphas, and they took counsel together how they might seize Jesus by stealth and put Him to death. But they said, "Not on the feast, or there might be a riot among the people."

    Now when Jesus was at Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, a woman came up to Him with an alabaster jar of precious ointment, and she poured it on His head, as He reclined at table. But when the disciples saw this, they were indignant, and said, "To what purpose is this waste? for this might have been sold for much and given to the poor." But Jesus, perceiving it, said to them, "Why do you trouble the woman? She has done me a good turn. For the poor you have always with you, but you do not always have Me. For in pouring this ointment on My body, she has done it for My burial. Amen, I say to you, wherever in the whole world this gospel is preached, this also that she has done shall be told in memory of her." Then one of the Twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests, and said to them, "What are you willing to give me for delivering Him to you?" But they assigned him thirty pieces of silver. And from then on, he sought out an opportunity to betray Him.

    Now on the first day of the unleavened bread, the disciples came to Jesus and said, "Where dost Thou want us to prepare for Thee to eat the Passover?" But Jesus said, "Go into the city to a certain man, and say to him, The Master says, My time is at hand; at thy house I am keeping the Passover with my disciples." And the disciples did as Jesus bade them, and prepared the Passover.
Now when evening arrived, He reclined at table with the twelve disciples. And while they were eating, He said, "Amen, I say to you, one of you will betray Me." And being very much saddened, they began each to say, "Is it I, Lord?" But He answered and said, "He who dips his hand into the dish with Me, he will betray Me. The Son of Man indeed goes His way, as it is written of Him; but woe to the man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It were better for that man if he had not been born." And Judas who betrayed Him answered and said, "Is it I, Rabbi?" He said to him, "Thou hast said it."

    And while they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed and broke, and gave it to His disciples, and said, "Take and eat; this is My Body." And taking a cup, He gave thanks and gave it to them, saying, "All of you drink of this; for this is My Blood of the new covenant, which is being shed for many unto the forgiveness of sins. But I say to you that I will not drink henceforth of the fruit of the vine, until the day when I shall drink it new with you in the kingdom of My Father."

    And after reciting a hymn, they went out to Mount Olivet. Then Jesus said to them, "You will all be scandalized this night because of Me; for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered. But after I have risen, I will go before you into Galilee." But Peter answered and said to Him, "Even though all shall be scandalized because of Thee, I will never be scandalized." Jesus said to him, "Amen, I say to thee, this very night, before a cock crows, thou wilt deny me three times." Peter said to Him, "Even if I should have to die with Thee, I will not deny Thee!" And all the disciples said the same thing.
Then Jesus came with them to a country place called Gethsemani, and He said to His disciples, "Sit down here, while I go over yonder and pray." And He took with Him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and He began to be saddened and exceedingly troubled. Then He said to them, "My soul is sad, even unto death. Wait here and watch with Me." And going forward a little, He fell prostrate and prayed, saying, "My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass away from Me; yet not as I will, but as Thou willest." Then He came to the disciples and found them sleeping. And He said to Peter, "Could you not then watch one hour with Me? Watch and pray, that you may not enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak." Again a second time He went away and prayed, saying, "My Father, if this cup cannot pass away unless I drink it, Thy will be done." And He came again and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy. And leaving them He went back again, and prayed a third time, saying the same words over. Then He came to His disciples, and said to them, "Sleep on now, and take your rest! Behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man will be betrayed into the hands of sinners. Rise, let us go. Behold, he who betrays Me is at hand."

    And while He was yet speaking, behold Judas, one of the Twelve, came up and with him a great crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and elders of the people. Now His betrayer had given them a sign, saying, "Whomever I kiss, that is He; lay hold of Him." And he went straight up to Jesus and said, "Hail, Rabbi!" and kissed Him. And Jesus said to him, "Friend, for what purpose hast thou come?" Then they came forward and set hands on Jesus and took Him. And behold, one of those who were with Jesus, reached out his hand, drew his sword, and struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off his ear. Then Jesus said to him, "Put back thy sword into its place; for all those who take the sword will perish by the sword. Or dost thou suppose that I cannot entreat my Father, and He will even now furnish Me with more than twelve legions of angels? How then are the Scriptures to be fulfilled, that thus it must take place?" In that hour Jesus said to the crowds, "As against a robber you have come out, with swords and clubs to seize me. I sat daily with you in the temple teaching, and you did not lay hands on Me." Now all this was done that the Scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples left Him and fled.

    Now those who had taken Jesus led him away to Caiphas the high priest, where the Scribes and the elders had gathered together. But Peter was following Him at a distance, even to the courtyard of the high priest, and he went in and sat with the attendants to see the end.

    Now the chief priests and all the Sanhedrin were seeking false witnesses against Jesus, that they might put Him to death, but they found none, though many false witnesses came forward. But last of all two false witnesses came forward, and said, "This man said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to rebuild it after three days." Then the high priest, standing up, said to Him, "Dost Thou make no answer to the things that these men prefer against Thee?" But Jesus kept silence. And the high priest said to Him, "I adjure Thee by the living God that Thou tell us whether Thou art the Christ, the Son of God." Jesus said to him, "Thou hast said it. Nevertheless, I say to you, hereafter you shall see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the power of God and coming upon the clouds of heaven." Then the high priest tore his garments, saying, "He has blasphemed; what further need have we of witnesses? Behold, now you have heard the blasphemy. What do you think?" And they answered and said, "He is liable to the death." Then they spat in His face and buffeted Him; while others struck His face with the palms of their hands, saying, "Prophesy to us, O Christ! who is it that struck Thee?"

    Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard; and a maidservant came up to him and said, "Thou wast with Jesus, the Galilean." But he denied before them all, saying, "I do not know what thou art saying." And when he had gone out to the gateway, another maid saw him, and said to those who were there, "This man also was with Jesus of Nazareth." And again he denied it with an oath, "I do not know the man!" And after a little while the bystanders came up and s aid to Peter, "Surely thou also art one of them, for even thy speech betrays thee." Then he began to curse and to swear that he did not know the man. And at that moment a cock crowed. And Peter remembered the word that Jesus had said, "Before a cock crows, thou wilt deny me three times." And he went out and wept bitterly.

    Now when morning came, all the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel together against Jesus in order to put Him to death. And they bound Him, and led Him away, and delivered Him to Pontius Pilate, the procurator. Then Judas, who betrayed Him, when he saw that He was condemned, repented and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders, saying, "I have sinned in betraying innocent blood." But they said, "What is this to us? See to it thyself." And he flung the pieces of silver into the temple, and withdrew; and went away and hanged himself with a halter. And the chief priests took the pieces of silver, and said, "It is not lawful for us to put them into the treasury, seeing that it is the price of blood." And after they had consulted together, they bought with them the potter's field, as a burial place for strangers. For this reason that field has been called, even to this day, Haceldama, that is the Field of Blood. Then what was spoken by Jeremias the prophet was fulfilled, saying, "And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him who was priced, upon whom the children of Israel set a price; and they gave them for the potter's field as the Lord directed me."

    Now Jesus stood before the procurator; and the procurator asked Him, saying, "Art Thou the king of the Jews?" Jesus said to him, "Thou sayest it." And when He was accused by the chief priests and the elders, He made no answer. Then Pilate said to Him, "Dost Thou not hear how many things they prefer against Thee?" But He did not answer him a single word, so that the procurator wondered exceedingly.

    Now at festival time, the procurator used to release to the crowd a prisoner, whomever they would. Now he had at that time a notorious prisoner called Barabbas. Therefore, when they had gathered together, Pilate said, "Whom do you wish that I release to you? Barabbas, or Jesus, who is called Christ?" For he knew that they had delivered Him up out of envy. Now as he was sitting at the judgment-seat, his wife sent to him, saying, "Have nothing to do with that just man, for I have suffered many things in a dream today because of Him." But the chief priests ands the elders persuaded the crowds to ask for Barabbas and to destroy Jesus. But the procurator addressed them, and said to them, "Which of the two do you wish that I release to you?" And they said, "Barabbas." Pilate said to the, "What then am I to do with Jesus who is called Christ?" They all said, "Let Him be crucified!" Now Pilate, seeing that he was doing no good, but rather that a riot was breaking out, took water and washed his hands in the sight of the crowd, saying, "I am innocent of the blood of this just man; see to it yourselves." And all the people answered and said, "His blood be upon us and on our children." Then he released to them Barabbas; but Jesus he scourged and delivered to them to be crucified.

    Then the soldiers of the procurator took Jesus into the praetorium, and gathered together about Him the whole cohort. And they stripped Him and put on Him a scarlet cloak; and plaiting a crown of thorns, they put it upon His head, and a reed into His right hand; and bending the knee before Him, they mocked Him, saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!" And they spat upon Him, and took the reed and kept striking Him on the head. And when they had mocked Him, they took the cloak off Him and put His own garments on Him, and led Him away to crucify Him. Now as they went out, they found a man of Cyrene named Simon; him they forced to take up His cross. And they came to the place called Golgotha, that is, the Place of the Skull. And they gave Him wine to drink, mixed with gall; but when He had tasted it, He would not drink. And after they had crucified Him, they divided His garments, casting lots, (to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet, saying, "They divided my garments among them, and upon my vesture they cast lots.") And sitting down, they kept watch over Him. And they put above His head the charge against Him, written, "This is Jesus, the King of the Jews."

    Then two robbers were crucified with Him, one on His right hand and one on His left. Now the passers-by were jeering at Him, shaking their heads, and saying, "Aha, Thou who destroyest the temple, and in three days build it up again, save Thyself! If Thou art the Son of God, come down from the cross! In like manner, the chief priests with the Scribes and the elders, mocking, said, "He saved others, Himself He cannot save! If He is the King of Israel, let Him come down now from the cross, and we will believe Him. He trusted in God; let Him deliver Him now, if He wants Him; for He said, I am the Son of God." And the robbers also, who were crucified with Him, reproached Him in the same way. Now, from the sixth hour there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. But about the ninth hour, Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, "Eli, Eli, lamma sabacthani," that is, "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?" And some of the bystanders, on hearing this said, "This man is calling Elias." And immediately one of them ran and, taking a sponge, soaked it in common wine, put it on a reed and offered it to Him to drink. But the rest said, "Wait, let us see whether Elias is coming to save Him." But Jesus again cried out with a loud voice, and gave up His spirit.

Pause momentarily.

    And behold the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth quaked, and the rocks were rent, and the tombs were opened, and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep arose; and coming forth out of the tombs after His resurrection, they came into the holy city, and appeared to many.

Now when the centurion, and those who were with him, keeping guard over Jesus, saw the earthquake and the things that were happening, they were much afraid, and they said, "Truly He was the Son of God."

    And many women were there, looking on from a distance, who had followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering to Him. Among them were Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee. Now when it was evening, there came a certain rich man of Arimathea, Joseph by name, who was himself a disciple of Jesus. He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate ordered the body to be given up. And Joseph taking the body, wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, and laid it in his new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock. Then he rolled a large stone to the entrance of the tomb, and departed.

    But Mary Magdalene and the other Mary were there, sitting opposite the sepulchre. And the next day, which was the one after the day of preparation, the chief priests and the pharisees went in a body to Pilate, saying, "Sir, we have remembered how that deceiver said, while He was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. Give orders, therefore that the sepulchre be guarded until the third day, or else His disciples may come and steal Him away, and say to the people, He has risen from the dead; and the last imposture will be worse than the first." Pilate said to them, "You have a guard; go, guard it as well as you know how." So they went and made the sepulchre secure, sealing the stone, and setting the guard.


Offertory: Psalm lxviii: 21-22

Impropérium expectávit cor meum, et misériam: et sustínui qui simul mecum contristarétur, et non fuit: consolántem me quæsívi, et non invéni: et dedérunt in escam meam fel, et in siti mea potavérunt me acéto. My heart has expected reproach and misery; and I looked for one who would grieve together with Me, but there was none: I sought for one that would comfort Me, and I found none; and they gave me gall for My food, and in My thirst they gave Me vinegar to drink.


Concéde, quaésumus, Dómine: ut óculis tuæ majestátis munus oblátum, et grátiam nobis devotiónis obtíneat, et efféctum beátæ perennitátis acquírat. Per Dóminum. Grant, we beseech Thee, O Lord, that the offering made in the presence of Thy majesty may procure us the grace of devotion, and effectually obtain for us a blessed eternity. Through our Lord....

Præfátio de Santa Cruce

The Preface of the Holy Cross


Pater, si non potest hic calix transíre nisi bibam illum, fiat volúntas tua. Father, if this chalice may not pass away, but I must drink it, Thy will be done.


Per hujus, Dómine, operatiónem mystérii: et vítia nostra purgéntur, et justa desidéria compleántur. Per Dóminum nostrum....

By the operation of this mystery, O Lord, may our vices be destroyed and our just desires fulfilled. Through our Lord....

When this Mass does not follow immediately on the Blessing of Palms, the Gospel for the blessing is read as the last Gospel of the Mass.


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